KUNIKA: Culturally safe communication in northern Nigeria


Culturally safe communication about short birth interval (KUNIKA) in northern Nigeria

The project seeks to understand local knowledge and views about short birth interval (kunika in the Hausa language), to inform development of a culturally appropriate module about kunika to include in the home visits programme. Culturally-insensitive attempts to promote use of modern contraception in conservative Muslim cultures, such as in Bauchi, have led to negative connotations of “family planning” as an externally-driven, unwelcome concept. The project takes a participatory approach to understanding causes of kunika in Bauchi State, and uses this understanding to co-design a module about kunika in the home visits program, as well as to guide other actions (for example by health services) to help women and their partners reduce kunika.

-Federation of Muslim Women Associations of Nigeria (FOMWAN)
-Bauchi State Primary Health Care Development Agency

Dates: 2017 – 2021

Funding: Innovating for Maternal and Child Health in Africa initiative (supported by Global Affairs Canada, Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC)

-Systematic review of short birth interval: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-2852-z
-Focus groups about kunika: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-020-00970-2
-Further information: http://ciet.org/home/projects/kunika-nigeria/